A study of risk factors for patients with Diabetic foot ulcer

  • Dr. K.S. Ravichandran Associate Professor, Department of General Surgery, Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi Institute of Medical Sciences, Tamilnadu, India
Keywords: Diabetes, Diabetic ulcer, Amputation, Foot ulcer


Background: Peripheral neuropathy and peripheral vascular diseases are the important causes of non-traumatic lower limb amputation. The risk of amputation among diabetic patients increases by two to four folds with the advancement of age and duration of diabetes.It has also been proven by many longitudinal epidemiological studies that among diabetic patients, the life time foot ulcer risk is about 25%, thereby accounting for two thirds of all non-traumatic amputations. Clinical guidelines recommend that all patients with diabetes should be screened annually to establish their risk of foot ulceration.

Aim: To ascertain the risk factors leading to amputation for patients with diabetic foot ulcer.

Materials and method: The present study was conducted in the Department of General Surgery of Melmaruvathur Adhiparasakthi institute of medical sciences. Melmaruvathur. For our study, we selected 200 patients admitted to the surgical ward with diagnosis of diabetic foot ulcer. History of diabetic status of patient, whether patient was a undetected case or a known diabetic, if known the duration of the disease, whether patient was on regular or irregular treatment (diet/oral/drugs/insulin) were recorded. Lab tests of each patient were conducted for hemoglobin, TLC, DLC, ESR, blood urea, serum creatinine and blood sugar. All the cases were managed following conservative and surgical approach.

Results: A total of 200 patients were present in the study group. The mean of the subjects was 49.28 + 6.88 years. Out of 200 patients, 46 were females and 154 were males. We observed that 54 patients were undetected at the time of admission at hospital. Majority of patients (n=46) had duration of diabetes from 5-10 years. 38 patients had duration of diabetes less than 4 years, 10 patients had duration of diabetes from 11-15 years. Most of the patients present with more than one lesion. Only major lesion is considered here. Ulcer was the major lesion seen in present series being present in 144 patients.

Conclusion: We conclude that Routine foot care should be available to every patient with diabetes ideally, but the reality of most of these patient slack adequate knowledge and resources resulting in the absence of such care.


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A study of risk factors for patients with Diabetic foot ulcer
DOI: 10.17511/ijoso.2019.i01.07
Published: 2019-03-31
How to Cite
Ravichandran, K. (2019). A study of risk factors for patients with Diabetic foot ulcer. Surgical Review: International Journal of Surgery, Trauma and Orthopedics, 5(1), 41-45. https://doi.org/10.17511/ijoso.2019.i01.07
Original Article