Reliability of goniometry to determine the hip range of motion

  • Dr. Dhammapal Sahebrao Bhamare Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Pinakin Prakash Ayare Physiotherapist and Kinesiologist at VO2max Physiotherapy, Rehabilitation and Fitness Academy, Mysore, India
  • Dr. Ashwinkumar Vasant Khandge Assistant Professor, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Abhijeet Sudhir Shroff Associate Professor, Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
  • Dr. Prafulla Herode Professor Department of Orthopaedics, Dr. D. Y. Patil Medical College, Hospital Research Centre, Pune, Maharashtra, India
Keywords: Goniometry, Hip, Pathology, Reliability


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to determine the intra-tester and inter-tester reliability of goniometric measurements when measuring the hip joint. Also this study aimed at determining the validity and reliability of goniometry as a tool to diagnose hip pathologies and record the hip range of motion. Materials and

Methods: Fifteen recreationally active male participants (age 26.67 + 4.84 years) and five physiotherapists took part in this study. Measurement values were got by performing passive range of motion on each participant. Angles derived from the goniometry measurements were compared to the known standard angles of the hip range of motion. An intervention was also performed to see the difference in measurement values after sensitising the physiotherapists to methods of performing goniometry accurately and get precise and valid results. Intraclass coefficient correlations (ICC) were performed to see the correlation between inter-tester and intra-tester measurements. The Root mean square error (RMSE) was used to determine the accuracy of goniometric values got by physiotherapists after the intervention. The Root mean square error of goniometric measurements of the hip range of motion was calculated in reference to standard values (RMSE- 8-18).

Results: The left sided hip internal rotation showed the highest deviation from the standard (RMSE- 16.20). Both sided hip extensions were the least deviated from standards (left- 8.00; right- 8.49). The intraclass coefficient correlations in intra-tester values were persistently higher than 0.70 whereas in the inter-tester setting, the values were less than 0.70.

Conclusion: The intra-tester reliability was higher than the inter-tester reliability in our study. We observed that the goniometric measurement values were most reliable for hip extension and least for internal and external rotation, followed by hip abduction and adduction.


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Reliability of goniometry to determine the hip range of motion
DOI: 10.17511/ijoso.2017.i03.03
Published: 2019-10-21
How to Cite
Sahebrao Bhamare, D., Prakash Ayare, P., Vasant Khandge, A., Sudhir Shroff, A., & Herode, P. (2019). Reliability of goniometry to determine the hip range of motion. Surgical Review: International Journal of Surgery, Trauma and Orthopedics, 3(3), 66-71.
Original Article